Nerd Parade
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Nerd Parade


Band Alternative Rock


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"A Delicate Bashing (album review)"

"The Nerd Parade offer up a debut full of smart, dancey, kinetic, electronica-laden indie-pop. From the first track, the record is instantly hypnotic and engaging as a computerized voice speaks the first sinister words over industrial soundscapes. But before things get too dismal, the vocals of Garcia and Wren gleefully announce, "No one's listening to your shit," and seconds later the listener is immersed in a full-on electronic dance party.

Thankfully, The Nerd Parade isn't just a one-trick pony. The lyrics are clever, but in a goofy, underhanded sort of way: "No man is an island 'less he's drowning in a pool ... If you want to hold 'em you should try to shoot the moon / I know just when to fold 'em like that Kenny Rogers' tune." And the music isn't made up of just infectious dance tunes. A Delicate Bashing also contains soulful R&B slow jams, sleepy indie ballads, a good dose of '80s synth rock and hooks that cover all the important genres.

And while The Nerd Parade has some decidedly art-rock leanings, even that label would be a bit premature. What's truly amazing is how unpredictable and dynamic the album sounds.

The Nerd Parade's well-researched romp through indie-pop's stylistic catalogue lends A Delicate Bashing more of a solid footing rather than a branding of "pretentious." Though having been recorded in various garages, bedroom and hotels during the course of four years, the lo-fi sound is almost non-existent. The best tracks on A Delicate Bashing would have to be "A Picturesque Sunday," "Kenny Rogers Tune," and "Crude Polygonal Space Fighters," which sounds like a lost Radiohead track. This record is the one to take with you everywhere you go. (Headphone Treats Records)"

Review by Charley Lee - Performer Magazine

"A Delicate Bashing (album review)"

"The Nerd Parade is the brainchild of Nophi Recordings co-founder and multi-instrumentalist, Randy Garcia. Garcia and his quartet of indie pop-loving misfits recently released their debut album, A Delicate Bashing and fortunately for us, it doesn't suck. This electro-infused genre-jumping CD combines jazzy R&B ballads with dance-y synth pop numbers and inventive pop culture references. The montage of musical styles makes it near impossible to classify The Nerd Parade, but Garcia's programming skills and the decidedly lo-fi sound of the album would certainly suggest some art-rock proclivities and a soft spot for '80s synth-pop. And there are certainly enough catchy hooks on this album to choke a horse.

The opening track, "A Picturesque Sunday," begins with a Radiohead-like robotic monologue before bursting into the unexpectedly upbeat song, "Yr Horrible Stupid Life." The robotic voice returns on "Crude Polygonal Space Fighters", but there's a good chance you'll be too busy tripping out to the mellow trance-like music in the background to heed the lyrics. The soulful slow jam "A Bird's Song" features vocalist Abby Wren, and why it isn't a solid gold hit already, we may never know, but as soon as Wren starts cooing, it's time to get the Kleenex. Some of the lyrics may seem childish: "and the earth may quit turning or some crap like that/ my heart is a waif but my feelings are fat", but a thorough listen to the album would suggest that The Nerd Parade are actually subversive rascals masquerading as juvenile delinquents; a feat they pull off with exceptional ease."

Review by Crystal Lee - Ink 19 Magazine

"Interview with R. Garcia"

The Nerd Parade is probably the gentlest, sweetest group of musicians I have met in a while. From Atlanta, GA, they combine gritty, power pop with southern hospitality. They came through Chicago Saturday, April 28, to play a fashion/art show called Grit and Glitz, and I was lucky enough to wrangle Randy Garcia into doing an interview with me. And it went a little somethin’ like this . . .

HR: So most of you guys are from GA . . . what’s it like there? How’s the music scene?

RG: Northern Georgia is quite beautiful, especially downtown Atlanta and its surrounding suburbs. The music scene there is thriving and healthy, with many great bands and venues to play at. The thing that really makes the scene great is the fact that there is something to do virtually every night. Most of the band members are homebodies though, so we mostly lay low at night and enjoy the green spaces, bike trails and culture by day.

HR: What instruments do you play?

RG: I play pretty much anything except woodwinds. I’m certainly not a master of anything, but I can find my way around the fret board and drum kit with the most confidence. Most of the band can double up on instruments, and even Abby gets into jamming with us on a guitar or keys sometimes.

HR: How did you all meet?

RG: Rich and I met about 16 years ago in middle school. We’ve played in tons of bands together over the years, so the choice to play together in this project was pretty obvious. I met Johnny a couple of years ago at a show. Abby and Buddy both joined up in the last year.

HR: What is one of your first musical memories?

RG: I remember playing on my Aunt’s piano when I was young. I was really fascinated with the way the notes worked with each other. I would space out playing all black keys and trying to match words to the notes. I had no idea what I was doing, and it was awesome.

HR: First concert you attended?

RG: Michael Jackson and the Jackson Five, on the Victory Tour. I had the glove, zipper jacket and pants. It was incredible. The stage show was out of this world. I’m still a huge fan of MJ in spite of all the negative press he’s gotten.

HR: First concert you played?

RG: A skinhead rally in Ft. Lauderdale FL. We didn’t know what kind of show it was going to be, we were just happy to play. None of the White Power kids seemed to notice that I was Hispanic and our singer was half black either.

HR: Have you been in other bands?

RG: Yes, way too many.

HR: What did you learn from those experiences?

RG: I think each band experience has contributed a little bit to the overall framework of my current projects, whether business or pleasure. I’ve also learned to not regret anything in the past, as most of those experiences are what forge a successful career in music.

HR: Did you go to college?

RG: Yes. I have a degree in Audio Engineering and a degree in Liberal Arts.

HR: Do you have jobs?

RG: Since the start of 2007, I’ve been focusing solely on The Nerd Parade. Every so often, I get involved with a commercial audiovisual project, or produce & engineer music for other artists, which I’m certain I’ll do after the regiment of tours we have planned.

HR: Why is your album called A Delicate Bashing?

RG: I think it would be best if I define what a delicate bashing is – not as a title, but as an experience. A delicate bashing is when you experience something in life that roughs you up, exposes you or leaves you in a weakened state, like a break-up, or loss of a loved one. While you experience the brunt of the pain on the front-end, there is always someone there to pick you up and dust you off. A delicate bashing is like having a best friend who would take a bullet for you; someone to say “If you want to get to them, you have to go through me first.” So, in relation to the album, A Delicate Bashing is life itself.

HR: Favorite show experience:

RG: It’s hard to say exactly which show we’ve played has been the best. Nashville sort of stands out on this tour—as there was a very tight room full of people, and most of them were dancing. We really love to see people interacting with the music.

HR: How has this tour been so far?

RG: We’ve been fortunate for the most part. We’ve managed to laugh through the rough times and are really enjoying the drives. We have a bunch of gadgets in the van to keep us occupied, like a PS2, Gamecube and wireless network for gaming and DVD’s. Our van isn’t really new or fancy, but we took the time to add some creature comforts so we wouldn’t be gouging each other’s eyes out on the lonely mid-western drives.

HR: Got any interesting tour stories?

RG: So far it’s been pretty smooth. We had a couple of drunks get really friendly with us in Memphis, and then there was the guy who passed out in his own puke in the elevator at the Chicago show. Our most recent story involves Pittsburgh, an incredibly dirty toilet, and ultimately a show cancellation.

HR: How’d you come up with the name The Nerd Parade?

RG: It is the title of one of my solo albums. Abby, John, and I were sitting in the studio during the final weeks of production on A Delicate Bashing and trying to come up with a name for the project. One of them suggested we use “The Nerd Parade” as the band’s name in honor of my solo record and what it stood for. Then name in association with a band was a bit unusual to me at first, but it seemed fitting at the time and it had kind of a lighthearted ring to it, so we just decided to roll with it.

HR: Do you think image is important in the music industry? Do you care?

RG: I think the image should fit the band, whether it be elaborate or stripped down. What many bands seems to forget is that the music industry is also known as “show business.” That sort of entitles the performer to put on a show. I try to match the appearance the mood of the music with because it adds to the overall performance aesthetic. With the Nerd Parade we sometimes dress up in various ways -- maybe a dorky sweater, blazer, or hat. Abby wears schoolgirl or nurse-like dresses because they are fun, easy, and sexy. I think the best part is that each individual member can spruce up their personalities with what they wear. I would hate to have a totally uniform look in this band because we are not totally uniform people. Image really should be secondary; a condiment to a good course of music.

HR: What are some of your goals—immediate and long term?

RG: Touring and recording are our immediate goals. We haven’t though much beyond that, because we love to play and write music. I suppose if things continue on as such then we will need to analyze the bigger picture. Until then, we are quite content to be DIY and in complete control of our careers.

HR: What can we expect from your next album?

RG: The next album will be a little denser musically, and probably explore new sounds and instrumentation. We’ve talked about so many things at this point . . . I couldn’t begin to give you a definitive statement here. One thing we hope is that the record will kick ass and still be fun and exciting on the ten-thousandth play as it is on the first.

Interview by Hilary Rawk - Buzz S&E Magazine

"A Delicate Bashing (album review)"

"The latest in a barrage of North Georgia-based bands invading our personal space is The Nerd Parade out of Atlanta. And fortunately for our earholes, they're really good. They're a mellow 5-piece lo-fi pop band with some electro elements.

Led by Nophi Recordings label co-founder and multi-instrumentalist Randy Garcia, The Nerd Parade is obviously a project of careful craftsmanship and restraint. In my estimation, lo-fi bands of the same genre regularly reek of sloppiness, yet that is not the case here. There are no stray notes or unmotivated musical tangents at work, and the balance between the group's live and computer-generated elements leaves no musical tension or desire for more of one or the other. It's effortless to listen to."

Article by Tadd Trueb - Murmur Magazine

"A Delicate Bashing (album review)"

Nerd Parade's debut album, A Delicate Bashing, is an inventive slice of indie pop. It switches gears effortlessly from the jangling Grand Royal funk of "Kenny Rogers Tune" (which breaks into a country run on the chorus) to the frizzy Brit pop of "Kitten." The vibe is effervescent and happy, even as the group explores the nuances of being a young adult trying to establish successful personal relationships.

"I'm into far too many types of music, and everyone in the band has such varied interests that I think we would just sell our compositions short if we didn't explore the possibilities of these various styles of music," says group leader Randy Garcia. He speaks from somewhere in the Northeast; the group is currently on a two-week tour.

Some Southeast music aficionados may recognize him as the producer who helps run the IDM electronic collective Nophi Recordings and records under the name R. Garcia. Born and raised in South Florida, Garcia relocated to Atlanta in 2006. "I broke away from [IDM music] just to take a break. I did seven albums in a row and went on a bunch of different tours all over the country," he says.

Garcia conceived the side project that would eventually become Nerd Parade in 2003. He recorded several tracks with an unnamed vocalist who he says didn't work out, and then found his current muse, Abby Wren. Together the two collaborated on what Garcia calls a coming-of-age album. "You'll identify with a lot of the music in there if you suffered from the teenage condition," he says. Although the subject matter covers "My So-Called Life" territory (the opening track is called "Yr Horrible Stupid Life"), the sounds are buoyant, silly and fun. "We want to convey a positive message."

With the onset of live concerts, Nerd Parade expanded to include instrumentalist John Jacobus, bassist Rich Wilson and drummer Buddy Buttram. Formerly a solo vehicle for Garcia to express his neuroses, it has grown into a full-fledged band. "I'm already working on my next electronic album," he says. "But I have no intentions of stopping doing the Nerd Parade stuff."

Article by Mosi Reeves - Creative Loafing

"A Delicate Bashing (album review)"

"The Nerd Parade are a male/female duo who create some irresistible power pop mixed in with electronica and a bit of rock. A Delicate Bashing (Headphone Treats) is a quirky album that works very well, as if they were a more pop-friendly Mecca Normal. I say this because when I played the album, I could tell that this was a bit more... how do I say this? I can hear the minds moving between these two, at times locked in unison as if they were one, other times going off in their own words and unsure of where to go except forward. "Smedley" moves along at a bumpy pace, while "Kenny Rogers Tune" sounds a hell of a lot like Nikka Costa's "Everybody Got Their Something" instead of being a tune about the former First Edition singer with a second edition face. The female half of the duo, Abby Wren, her voice sounds very familiar or maybe I'm simply comforted by how she sings. I could hear bits of Kim Deal, other times their music could be from the mushroom sandwich box of The Flaming Lips or King Missile (Dog Fly Religion).

There are times when I expected the music to go lo-fi, since some of the drums and rhythm patterns are from rhythm boxes and drum machines long gone, but they keep things sounding very professional. In fact, a song like "Outside" has Randy Garcia (the male half of the group) going into They Might Be Giants or Barenaked Ladies territory with its mix of great playing and pop craftsmanship, yet still being able to lure in listeners with something that result in something magical and quirky at the same time. Quirky, yes, but not strange or off-center. Yet The Nerd Parade are capable of moving off-center, if need be."

Review by DA Bookman - Music for America

"A Delicate Bashing (album review)"

For some reason, pun-irific or not, when I saw the name “The Nerd Parade”, I instantly thought of Robert Carradine and Anthony Edwards’ role in the classic comedy “Revenge of the Nerds”. While all those horn-rimmed glasses images aside, what you have here is a melodic indie pop group that has female/male vocals amid a chorus of chunky guitars and electronic bleeps. Who can go wrong with that? Not many and the Nerd Parade prove that they’re no one-hit wonder with dashes of awesomeness spread about throughout “A Delicate Bashing”. Stellar my friends!

Review by J-Sin -

"Interview with R. Garcia"

andy Garcia has been making music for over ten years. In many different incarnations, his artistic expressions have gotten play on VH1/MTV and has traveled the country more times than even he can count. A multi-instrumentalist who spent the better part of a decade writing, producing, playing and vocalizing everything in his catalogue all while running NoPhi Records (his private label). His latest offering is The Nerd Parade, a five-piece outfit has just signed with Athens-based Headphone Treats Records to release A Delicate Bashing. Randy explains to QRO the benefits of friends, why it’s all about home-based production, and how A Delicate Bashing got it’s beginning...

QRO: What is The Nerd Parade?

RG: The Nerd Parade is anything and everything that I’ve ever wanted to explore musically. It represents my long-standing desire to blur the lines and push the boundaries, while maintaining a level-headed pop sensibility. As a bonus, it’s an excuse to work with my best friends and see the country in the process.

QRO: Explain the process of finding musicians and putting a band together.

RG: The live representation of The Nerd Parade is built primarily on friendship. Secondary to that is good musicianship. Both elements are indispensable when assembling a band. Nobody likes to play with a bunch of jerks, and likewise nobody likes to play with unskilled musicians. So to answer your question, the process only has two steps:

1.) Can we go have a beer and see eye to eye socially?

2.) Can you count to 4?

QRO: How important is chemistry in a band?

RG: Chemistry is absolutely crucial. I think it’s one of the most important factors in what makes a great band, second only to raw talent. Chemistry is what makes it possible to cover your ass when you drop a beat, as well as laugh off a crummy gig, or just keep listeners happy with the music. Ultimately a band should sound like they are all one big, goofy instrument, knocking about on a stage.

QRO: How many labels are you on?

RG: The Nerd Parade is currently signed to Headphone Treats, a great indie label out of Georgia. We have a very open-ended deal that affords us the freedom to release with other labels, bands, and generally blaze our own trail musically. Individually, the band all works with other labels in addition to running some smaller boutique labels of our own (NoPhi & PhiTunes).

QRO: Tell me about this upcoming release RG: The album is fourteen songs about growing up, the teenage condition, and social disconnection as seen from the eyes of a hopeless optimist. It was almost entirely self-produced and recorded in bedrooms, hotel rooms, and living rooms across America. It sounds pretty eclectic because of that.

QRO: How long did it take you to record?

RG: Jeez…the first demos were cut in 2003. At the time the project was called “am” and it was myself and a female singer-songwriter from Los Angeles. We collaborated when we could and progress was quite slow, as I was focusing mainly on my solo electronic music at the time. At some point in 2006, my partner decided to mysteriously remove herself from the project and requested that I not use any of her contributions on the finished album, nor mention her in relation. I was pretty devastated, but I obliged. I thought about shelving the project for good, but as I was deleting files, some friends -- many of who are contributors to the album -- stepped up and convinced me to keep it going. Six months later, the album was finished.

QRO: What are the pros/cons of working at home versus a studio?

RG: It’s much cheaper to work at home. You can make your own rules and schedules. You can work naked. You can be your own boss. Conversely, professional studios have lots of shiny buttons and switches that make the music sound slightly better.

QRO: When are you going out on the road?

RG: Our tour begins in Atlanta on April 20th, which coincides with the official release date of our debut album. We will wind our way up the east coast and back through the middle of May before coming home for a break. We will then look towards the west and international shows.

QRO: What can we expect from a live show?

RG: The live show is surprisingly close to the recording, only we stretch our legs out on a few songs. Expect Smok and Rich to step it up and be a wicked tight rhythm section. Expect John to do some on-the-spot remixing. Expect Abby and I to make googly eyes at each other while she beats a cowbell and I play an out-of-control guitar solo. In other words, we are shooting for good, clean fun with a little flair and some old-school “chops.” We are music nerds, after all.

QRO: Worst road experience

RG: I could fill a whole article about this, so here are just my top five as one-liners:

5.) Having the flu for a week on my first tour.

4.) Getting a speeding ticket before I left the state on my second tour.

3.) Driving 9 hours to play for 3 people, multiple times.

2.) The West Coast leg of my 2005 solo tour…an absolute disaster.

1.) A 19 hour drive from Chicago, IL to Gainesville, FL in one sitting.

QRO: What do you do when you aren’t working?

RG: I really enjoy cycling, exercise and nature. Lately, Abby and I have been eating healthy and engaging in more activities away from the studio. As a result, we’ve each lost 30 lbs. That's served as motivation for a sort of “clean living” revival which occupies our free time.

QRO: Favorite instrument?

RG: All of them.

QRO: If someone were to describe you as a musician what instrument would they use?

RG: That depends on when and where you see me -- I get around a little. If you see me with The Nerd Parade, I’m the guy singing with a guitar in hand. If you see me solo, I’m the guy behind the pile of electronic gadgets. If you see me otherwise, I may be playing just about anything…except sax or flute. I can’t play those well at all.

QRO: What does the title of your newest album, A Delicate Bashing, mean?

RG: I guess it means “Life.” Life can be a delicate bashing, wearing you down one round at a time. I suppose the title can also describe any subset of life -- like love, money, school, SEX. My intention with the title was not so much to have this oxymoron of gentle and bashing, but to adequately describe the rather odd situation I found myself in when developing the music for this album.

QRO: What are you afraid of?

RG: Lizards and Frogs. I don’t know why, but they creep me out.

QRO: Describe the music business in four words

RG: I can do it in two: Bull Shit

QRO: What are you going to be doing in the next 6 months?

RG: Things pop up here and there, but I can be certain that The Nerd Parade will tour. I will record a huge catalog of older, unreleased music with Rich Wilson. I will also release another R. Garcia album, and I will likely take a nice vacation after all that. The best way to keep up on what The Nerd Parade does is through our website, and through our related sites and (of course) there’s always Myspace.

QRO: Finally, What is under your bed?

RG: My bed is on a box spring which lays directly on the hardwood floor, under that is my crawl space, where all manner of strage creature stirs about in the middle of the night. - QRO Magazine

"The Span of a Life (album review)"

Hearkening back to the days when the American South was inextricably tied to rock ‘n’ roll, Nerd Parade’s The Span of a Life contains the kinds of big sounds and inventive daring that rock music should be about. The songs would, in fact, make the perfect soundtrack to Quentin Tarantino’s next film — gritty, soulful, searing. Their palate is wide-ranging, as though they went into the studio with a big grab bag of ’70s rock and punk sounds, shook it up really good, and then pulled out pieces at will. But it’s also fresh, not so much stuck in the past as acknowledging a little bit of nostalgia, then moving on in unexpected ways.

First, there are the guitars. The lead on the title track noodles along like an Allman Brothers song; paired with lead vocalist Abby Wren singing about “traveling down to an old country town, in a beat up sedan tonight,” this is Southern rock revival at its finest. Next up on the album, “Yay, Yeah, Uh-Huh!” takes it a step farther, cribbing sounds from jazz-influenced blues and rock. But the band can do more than just this. “How Hard We Fall” kicks up the fuzz for a punk rock garage jam, then reigns in the reverb for some thumping bass, before pulling out that huge lead guitar sound again, edging towards Zeppelin-levels of blistering.

Dynamic shifts like this abound on the album. From crescendoing opener “Sixty-Eight Reasons,” with its slightly Eastern, slightly psychedelic sound, to the fade out of the final moments, the tracks almost never do what you might expect them to. For starters, most blend seamlessly into each other, despite sounding nothing alike. It’s a trick that keeps up the tempo of the album as a whole, as well as helping to integrate all their various sounds. “Dead Air & Denial” changes up the game halfway through: it begins with a big, hooky guitar riff (think “Wipeout” as conceived by the session players at Muscle Shoals). The only time the technique falters is on album closer “Imagineland.” After a strong start, acapella vocals joined quickly by chugging guitar, the track goes strangely toothless. Luckily, it picks back up before the end, meaning even the weakest track on the album redeems itself.

For all their musical prowess, the voices of Wren and Randy Garcia are charmingly low-key, unpolished in all the best ways. Wren can belt it out, and she certainly does, but she also restrains herself much of the time. It only adds to the garage rock feel, better combining all those ’70s influences into a homemade, heartfelt album. If this is what’s possible, Southern rock should step out of the arena — and the past — way more often.

Review by Alexandra Edwards - Atlanta Music Guide

"The Span of a Life (album review)"

“In 2007, Miami’s Randy Garcia put together A Delicate Bashing as leader of The Nerd Parade. Reaching all over the place, Bashing was an accomplished collection of indietronica, diva, country, disco, and more. For the follow-up, Garcia has pulled things together a little bit on Span of a Life, making for a record curiously both less ambitious and more.

Whereas Bashing felt like a crazy paella, Span is definitely a record meant to be listened to from start-to-finish. But records like that are actually quite varied (think Pink Floyd’s The Wall, or Hüsker Dü’s Zen Arcade), because if all the pieces sounded similar, listening beginning-to-end would only reveal that one-note fact. Thankfully, The Nerd Parade still keep a lot of different things in the mix, but most notable on the new record is the shift towards guitar-jam. From the founder of electronica label NoPhi, it’s rather surprising that Garcia has moved to the axe-jam, but that is a style that lends itself to stretching without breaking, musically.

And Garcia has kept the best aspect of Bashing, singer Abby Wren’s diva-like voice. If anything, it feels more prominent on Span, from the catchy & brightening “Circles (Love Eternal)” to the following sad, carrying epic “We Are Not Sleeping”. There’s also the diva-press “Yr Drunken Holiday” near the end, and the straight-out funk-jam “Yay, Yeah, Uh-huh!” – a piece has to be pretty enjoyable to pull off that title, and The Nerd Parade can.

Sometimes, the jam gets too much on Span, like the instrumental jams “Sixty-Eight Reasons” and “The Rockness Monster” (though the latter is an awesome name…). And “One Million Wooden Acres” seems to exceed that, only to feel a little indulgent with the guitar solo. But then there’s the surf guitar-meets-southwestern epic (guess that would be Baja California…) “Dead Air & Denial”, which nicely throws into a story-jam.

The only really indietronica piece on Span of a Life is closer “Imagineland”, a dark coda with memorable melody. Shifting to the guitar-jam has given The Nerd Parade a bit more cohesion, if taken a little too far that way and away from the neat ‘tronic effects of A Delicate Bashing. And it’s still accomplishment, across it’s whole Span.”

Review by Ted Chase - QRO Magazine


1. 6 Song EP 2006
2. A Delicate Bashing (LP) 2007
3. The Span Of A Life (LP) 2009



Randy Garcia and Rich Wilson met in a Florida middle-school cafeteria in 1991. Soon after, the duo began to learn how to make music together. Typical practice sessions involved poor quality cassette recordings, liberal amounts of instrument swapping, guitar smashing and foul language befitting a pair of teenagers in the epoch of grunge. Forward 18 years and not much has changed — only now they can play a little better.

Garcia and Wilson, along with drummer Chris Sheldon and singer Abby Wren are the Nerd Parade, a titular phrase that is wholly descriptive of this group’s collective persona. Nerd Parade officially began in 2006 when a particularly disillusioned R. Garcia called upon his friends to take musical chances, zig where there could have easily been a zag, and never, ever take themselves too seriously.

Nerd Parade has created a distinct set of ethics for their musical output, eschewing the common teen angst and blatant negative themes of modern popular music in favor of a more positive (albeit bittersweet) approach. Their songs are clever and witty without being overtly intellectual, fun and challenging without being lofty. Evocative and personal, each Nerd Parade song tends to be a chapter in some larger narrative, drawing from real-life experience and designed to bring forth a sense of involvement from the listener, rather than rouse the most basic emotions.