Ustad Arba Music Group

Ustad Arba Music Group

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Biography

The Ustad Arba Music Institute was established by Shri Akbar Khan, a court musician and social worker. The institute of traditional folk music aims to identify and recognize the traditional arts and rich cultural heritage of Jaisalmer as the Golden City of Western Rajasthan. This Organization is non-profit and recognized by Government of Rajasthan ( India ) and also has been included in the UNESCO world Music Directory on the internet. It is a historical and geographical fact that desert society has carved out a way of life and ethos to survive and respond to hard vagaries and arid nature through deep and sensitive music as well as aesthetic experiences in the forms of literature, sculpture and paintings. Present traditions of the Thar desert can easily be traced to the 16th Century. One can go further into history, musical principles are traced through the use of musical instruments Kamayacha, Sarangi, Algoza, Murli, Morchang (Jews-harp), Shehnai, Khartal, Dholok, Dhol(Drum), Ghara (ordinary water pitcher). Like all Indian traditional spiritual and material culture experiences, the folk, Sufi (Mystic) music and dances also became institutionalized through caste system. The caste becomes the repository and excellent practitioners of different art forms. The Ustad Arba Music Group This organization also has created a performing group “The Ustad Arba Music” in 1991. It’s main aims are to promote and preserve the Manganiyar, Langa, Kalbelia, Bhopa (Story tellers), Kamad (devotional singers) and Bhat (Puppeters ) communities and their traditions. This is a big project the group is working on and wishes to develop. In the creation of this group, this organization has selected prominent and talented folk musicians, instrumentalists and professional Kalbelia (Gypsies) Bhawai, Ghoomar, Teratali and Chari (fire) dancers. The Traditional singing and dancing includes different repertories such as : devotional songs of bordic heros Ramdeo Peer (Saint), Pabuji, Tejaji, Rani Bhatiyani Sarup, Sati Goma, Sati Gunsar (folk Godesses) Kabir, Meera, Sufiyana Muslims (Mystical) songs : Bulle Shah, Shah Latif, Kanwar Bhagat, Moomal-Mahendra, Dhola-Maru, Lailah Majanu, Shasi-Panu (Love Songs) Childbirth and Weddinjg Songs.